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Ecosystems and sustainable development v

edited by E. Trezzi, C. A. Brebbia, S. E. Jongersen and D. Almorza Gomar

Published by WIT press, 2005 | ISBN 1 84564 013 6

Volume 81 of the WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment

Beyond the specific dimension of the individual, learning is a primary characteristic of life. Shifting our attention to local system we consider ecosystems and traditional communities as learning "minds", according with Bateson's thought. We call environmental wisdom the explicit knowledge that emerges from long periods of cohevolution of people and nature in local systems, cast in the same lot. Environmental wisdom rises both from trial-and-error and from more subtle kinds of knowledge, involving aesthetics and intuition. It sediments as tradition or religion and deeply contributes to landscapes creation, keeping ecosystems and humans alive together.
It is our belief, that in order to survive, local communities should re-connect themselves with their biological basis. As a first option we need to pay new attention to our boundaries: not to avoid contacts, exchanges, cross-fertilization with other people and other lands, but to reduce the impact of globalization and to retain cuktural biodiversity. Only a network of self-centred communicating communities can provide a sufficient basis of diversity to achieve long-term sustainability. We believe we are living a moment of general crisis, are- learning transistion period that in inherently uncertain, and therefore we have to encourage our cultural and technological basis, avoid homogenization as the primary source of fragility.

This book contains the proceeding from the fifth International Conference on Ecosystems and Sustainable Development. Conservation and management of ecological areas; Environmental and ecological policies; Natural resources management; Recovery of damaged areas and Remote sensing.




section 1: Thermodynamics and ecology
• Ecodynamics: the quest for evolutionary physics
E. Tiezzi

• Replicator equations, response functions and entropy measures in science: mathematical background
Y.A. Pykh & I.G. Malkina-Pykh

• Thermodynamic optimisation of the use of natural resources: an agroalimentary production in a Chianti farm (Italy)
S. Borsa, N. Marchettini, A. Pizzigallo & F. M. Pulselli

section 2: Sustainability indicators
• Quantifying possible pathways of sustainable development of a territorial system
S. Bastianoni, N. Marchettini & R. Ridolfi

• How to measure the sustainability of an area : the SPIn- Eco project of the Province of Siena
S. Bastianoni, V. Niccolucci & E. B. P. Tiezzi

• Sustainable indicators in desertification phenomena: application to Calabria, Italy
G. Frega, P. Piro & R. Mangiardi

section 3: Mathematical and system modelling
• Wildfire hazard evaluation through a space-time point process conditional intensity model
J. Mateu, F. Saura, P. Gregori & P. Juan

• A cellular automata model for predicting fire spread
S. Hoya White, A. Martin del Rey & G. Rodriguez Sànchez

• An evolutionary approach to simulate an industrial system
G. Confessore, G. Liotta & S. Rimondo

• Topological key players in communities: the network perspective
F. Jordàn

• An imagine of organization in a virtual environment
E. S. Tuzhikova

section 4: Ecosystems modelling
• Nonlinear time series analysis of ecological data collected in the Lagoon of Ortobello, Italy
A. Facchini, C. Mocenni, E. Tiezzi & A. Vicino

• A model based estimation of the effect of population concentration in the urban areas in Eastern Asia in terms of nitrogen pollution
J. Shindo, K. Okamoto & R. L. Haedrich

• Significance of carbonic anhydrase and its distribution in the Karst ecosystem
Y. Y. Wu, P. P. Li, B. L. Wang, C. Q. Liu, X. T. Li & X. Z. Zhao

section 5: Biodiversity

• Severals results of Simpson diversity indicates and exploratory data analysis in the Piclou model
D. Almorza Gomar & M. H. Gracia Nieto

• Biodiversity conservation and rural sustainability: a case stusy of the Alexander Skutch Biological Corridor in Southern Costa Rica
H. E. Daugherty

• Study of species changes unde impact of the change in an ecological factor. Case study : the food spreading project in Zanjan, Iran
F. B. Movahhed

• Green roofs, storm water management, and biodiversity in Malmo, Sweden
A. Kruuse af Verchou

section 6: Sustainability development studies

• Collaboration for Local Agenda 21 implementation: a case study of the Basque Country
J. Aguado, J. M. Barrutia & C. Echebarria

• A conceptual approach to urban rejuvenacion: a design intervention exercise in the historic silver triangle of Kuala Lumpur
S. S Zubir & F. F. Silis

• Linking equitable redevelopment to reduce damages from metropolitan sprawl
D. J Huntch

• Sustainability planning : pushing against institutional barriers
D. Goudie

• After the revolution, sustainable development - Las Terraz, Cuba
J. D. Davey

• Regeneration and sustainable development in the transformation of Shangai
Y. Chen

section 7: conservation and management of ecological areas

• Alternative future growth scenarios for Utah's Wasach Front: assessing the impact of development on the loss of prime agricultural lands
G. Busch, R. J. Lilieholm, R. E. Toth & T. C. Edwards, jr.

• Management of biodiversity in protected areas with sustainability control
K. Hellmann

• The building's function in the containment and organization of activities in the Kiron system
E. C. Curiel- Carias

section 8: Economic issues

• Incorporating nature valuation in cost- benefit analysis
E. J. Bos & J. M. Vleugel

• Financial efficienty versus social efficiency: a comparison using selected agrarian profiles in Andalusia
C. R. Garcia

• Establishing ecoturism in Mahabaleshwar and Panchgani, India
T. Woods

• Financing the ecological city
R. R. White

section 9: Energy conservation and generation

• Environmental impacts of commercial energy efficiency
K. Tiedemann

• Energy saving in building ventilation
A. D'Este, A. Gastaldello & L. Schibuola

• Viable and sustainable alternatives for post- consumed oil packages
L. H. S. M. Xavie, R. S. Cardoso, R. M. B. Matos, R. Valle & P. L. Gonzàlez- Torre

section 10: Environmental and ecological policies

• Adding coevolutionary principles to a holistic paradigm of sustainable development
M. B. Neace

• Land use in the future - needs and limitations
R. Engstom

• Incentive policy in the area of the housing market for the implementation of the Kyoto targets: the case of Austria
A. Hoeltl

• How nature and men could better interact: on ecosystem service evaluation and nutrient recycling in a principal - agent- framework
E. A. Nuppenau

• Policy instruments for eliminating plastic bags from South Africa's environment
G. Nhamo

section 11: Environmental management

• One- person housed - a resource time bomb?
J. Williams

• Environmental impacts of the regulation of the Shinano River, Niigata prefecture, Japan
M. Sane, H. Yamagishi, M. Tateishi & T. Izunia

• Groundwater flow and flushing of animal burrows in tropical mangrove swamps
A. Susilo

• Carbon dioxide long- term emissions and its storage options in the Baltic Region
I. Kavaliauskaite, M. Uibu, S. Teir, R. Kuusik, R. Zevenhoven & G. Denafas

section 12: Environmental risk

• Effect of wrack accumulation on salt marsh vegetation, Jamaica Bay Wildlife Refuge, New York City, New York
R. Stalter, A. Jung & M. D. Byer

• Geochemical and geophysical characterisation of a municipal solid waste landfill
G. Siracusa, A. D. La Rosa, G. Giuffrida & A. Leotta

• Learning from Jonglei- enough compromises on our economism!
A. Mustafa Ahmad

• The methods of forecasting of SO2 and suspended dust concentrations for warning purposes in the example of selected polluted regions in Poland
D. Foszcz, T. Niedoba & J. Siewior

section 13: Natural resouces management

• Sustainability of wetland: nature conservation and agriculture in Baxio Vouga Lagunar
T. Andresen & M. J. Curado

• Light control of the productivity of aquatic ecosystems
A. Còzar

• Self-regulation strategies and co-management of fisheries resources in the Amazon basin
C. E. C. Freitas, A. A. F. Rivas, & J. R. Kahn

section 14: Recovery of damaged areas

• Feasibility studies of utilizing domestic waste to refill a discarded open iron mine
W. Wu, K. H. Lux, Z. Hou & Q. Feng

• Geoplastics method as a tool for distibuted territories rehabilization
A. Bolshakov

• Enhanced soli- washing treatment for solis which are highly contaminated with crude oil
L. G. Torres, A. L. Aguirre, A. Verdejo & R. Iturbe

section 15: Remote sensing

• Analysis of rapid land-use/land-cover change in North-eastern China using Landstat TM/ETM+ data
K. Okamoto, J. Shindo & H. Kawashima

• Space technology contribution for sustainable development in the Amazon floodplain
E. M. L. de Moraes Novo, J. L. Stech & C. C. F. Barbosa

• Investigation and design of a classification and mapping system for landscape scenic quality, using digital photographs, GIS and GPS
A. Tsouchlaraki

section 16: Landscapes and forestation issues

• Urban ecology in the Delta Metropolis, a modern chaos?
W. Timmermans, R. P. H. Snew & V. Kuypers

• Dynamic and evolution of urban patterns: the evidence of the Mobile Landscape project
R. M.Pulselli, F. M. Pulselli, C. Ratti & E. Tiezzi

• Urban forest ecosystem structure and the function of the gulf coastal communities in the United States
K. K. Abdollahi, Z. H. Ning & M. Stubblefield

• Amazon River Basin: characterization and environmental impacts due to deforestation
R. Barthem, M. Marques, P. Charvet- Almeida & L. F. A. Montag

• Landform characteristics and the impact of human structures on the coastal area of Pozzallo (South Sicily, Itlay)
V. Liguori, G. Anfuso, J. A. Martinez & J. Benavente

• Wetland impacts on the optical characteristics of the inshore bays of Lake Victoria, East Africa
C. Rossi, A. Còzar, L. Bracchini, S. Focardi & S. Loiselle

section 17: Soil and agricultural issues

• Environmental and socio- economic contributors of palm- leaf geotextiles to sustainable development and soil conservation
C. A. Booth, K. Davies & M. A. Fullen

• Sustainable agriculture in the West African savannah: considerations for modern crop promotion in traditional farmig systems
B. Polidoro & E. H. Franz

• Adaptation of life cycles assessment (LCA) to agricultural production on a regional scale in Japan
S. Mishima, S. Taniguchi & M. Komtada

section 18: Water resources

• Clean technology for alternative irrigation systems
A. de Miranda

• Methods for biomass amount and sorption capacity estimation
V. Racys & I. Valunas

• Evaluation of a parking lot bioretention cell for removal of stormwater pollotants
C. Glass & S. Bissouma

• Status of the Barra das Jangadas estuary ( North-eastern Brazil): an ecological approach
S. J. Macedo, S. Neumann-Leitao, M. L. Koening, M. Araujo Filho, R. Schwamborn, F. A. N. Feitosa, K. Muniz, S. R. Lacerda & M. J. Flores Montes

section 19: Sustainable waste management

• Use of material flow analysis for assessing solid waste management in Germany regarding sustainable solutions
N. Hartlieb, K. R. Brautigam, M. Achternbosch, C. Kupsch & G. Sardemann

• Cement based floors with rubber addition
N. Quaranta, M. Caligaris, H. Lòpez & M. Regondi

• Complex systems and slaughterhouse waste management
J. H. Abraham

Author index